The project builds on a pilot project in Uganda involving a partnership between National Animal Genetic Resource Centre and Data Bank (NAGRC) in collaboration with Arizona State University (ASU), supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) that used a novel strategy, previously untested in Africa, to substantially increase returns from family flocks (FAO 2011). NAGRC introduced into rural family farm flocks, a high-performing hybrid chicken called Kuroiler. It is a low-maintenance, highly productive semi-scavenger that has been thriving in Indian villages for over 15 years. It is dual-purpose, bred for both egg and meat production by Keggsfarm in India (http://www.keggfarms.com/; Isenberg, 2007). Although similar in appearance to indigenous chickens, Kuroiler chickens produce nearly five times the number of eggs per year (150-200 versus 40) and attain almost twice the body weight (3.5 kg versus 2 kg) in less than half the time of indigenous backyard chickens